Indus AKN-1 - History

Indus AKN-1 - History

Indus

The Indian, a southern constellation between Grus and Pavo.

( AKN-1: dp. 4,023 It.; 1. 44l'6"; b. 56'11"; dr. 28'4";
s. 11 k., cpl. 228, a. 1 5", 4 40mm., cl. Indu,; T.
EC2-S-C1)

Indus (AKN-1) was launched as liberty ship Theodore Roosevelt by Bethlehem Fairfleld Shipyard, Inc., Baltimore, Md., 29 October 1943 under Maritime Commission contract; sponsored by Mrs. William MacMillan, granddaughter of President Theodore Roosevelt, acquired by the Navy 5 November 1943; converted at Maryland Dry Dock Co.; and renamed Indus. She commissioned 15 February 1944, Comdr. A. S. Einmo in command.

After the installation of additional equipment at Norfolk, the net cargo ship conducted shakedown in Chesapeake Bay until 14 March 1944. She sailed from Norfolk 1 Apfil for the Pacific theater, via the Canal Zone, and arrived Espiritu Santo 12 May 1944. Her first assignment was the installation of nets in Seeadler Harbor' and she arrived there 1 June 1944 to direct and support the work of net laying ships. With these important antitorpedo nets completed, the ship departed 29 July to load gear at Milne Bay, New Guinea, arriving Mios Woendi to install nets 30 August. Indus then returned to Milne Bay 27 September, and soon afterward became flagship for Commander 7th Fleet Serviee Forces during the Leyte operation. She sailed 12 October for Hollandia and arrived Eeyte Gulf 24 October to support that vital operation. The versatile ship issued stores and did repair work during this period, and during the numerous air raids shot down at least two Japanese aircraft. She departed G December for Hollandia where she loaded additional gear and provisions.

As the next major assault in the Philippines, the Lingayen Gulf operation, began to take shape at staging bases, Indus joined the service group and departed 28 December for the landing. Although the Japanese made desperate air attacks on the convoy, sinklug some ships but suffering heavy losses themselves, the fleet resolutely drove through to its objective. Indus arrived safely at the assault area 9 January 1945 and performed service duties during the initial landing stages. Departing 23 February, the ship sailed to the recaptured base at Subic Bay and on 28 February began to establish net defenses. She continued this vital work until departing 11 May for Hollandia, where she arfived two days later.

Indus returned to the Manila Bay area 24 May to unload supplies, then sailed 1 June for Pearl Harbor. She remained there until 30 June, when she sailed with net gear for Eniwetok Atoll, for work on the net defenses there. The veteran ship returned to Pearl Harbor in August, and was in port when the surrender of Japan was announced. She subsequently carried cargo and did net work at Eniwetok, Saipan, and Kwajelein until the end of 1945. She returned to Norfolk 14 March 1946, via the Panama Canal, decommissioned at Norfolk 20 May 1946, and was returned to the Maritime Commission 3 days later. Placed in the National Defense Reserve Fleet under her old name, she is berthed at Wilmington, N.C.

Indus received one battle star for World War II service.


Indus River

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Indus River, Tibetan and Sanskrit Sindhu, Sindhi Sindhu or Mehran, great trans- Himalayan river of South Asia. It is one of the longest rivers in the world, with a length of some 2,000 miles (3,200 km). Its total drainage area is about 450,000 square miles (1,165,000 square km), of which 175,000 square miles (453,000 square km) lie in the ranges and foothills of the Himalayas, the Hindu Kush, and the Karakoram Range the rest is in the semiarid plains of Pakistan. The river’s annual flow is about 58 cubic miles (243 cubic km)—twice that of the Nile River and three times that of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers combined. The river’s conventional name derives from the Tibetan and Sanskrit name Sindhu. The earliest chronicles and hymns of the Indo-European-speaking peoples of ancient India, the Rigveda, composed about 1500 bce , mention the river, which is the source of the country’s name.


A Peaceful Ancient Indian Civilization

India has a long history of civilization. Its genesis lies in the Indus Valley Civilization of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, which in reality covered a vast area in the North-West of the current Indian sub-continent. This civilization started a long way back but apparently reached its pinnacle around 3000 BC. It was a bronze and copper civilization.

The archaeological ruins of this civilization have taught us that it was a very advanced settlement with proper town grid planning, sophisticated sewerage systems, public baths, designated marketplaces, etc. Though the Indus Valley people were highly advanced and sophisticated, a full-scale war probably never happened in their lives. Though some bronze and copper weapons have been excavated, those were likely meant for the guards rather than a standing army. Therefore, it seems that the people of that time were more interested in trade with other places rather than conquest or glory.

Excavated ruins of Mohenjo-daro of the Indus Valley Civilization, Sindh province, Pakistan, showing the Great Bath in the foreground. Mohenjo-daro, on the right bank of the Indus River, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the first site in South Asia to be so declared. (Saqib Qayyum / CC BY-SA 3.0 )

But this civilization gradually declined probably due to changes in the weather pattern with the land becoming arid and unsuitable for cultivation.


The constellation Indus

A Native Facebook friend recently said she's getting a tattoo with stars. I'm interested in Natives and astronomy, and that reminded me of a little-known constellation.

Indus (constellation) Indus is a constellation in the southern sky. Created in the sixteenth century, it represents an Indian, a word that could refer at the time to any native of Asia or the Americas.

The brightest star in the constellation, Alpha Indi, is visual magnitude 3.11.

Epsilon Indi is one of the closest stars to Earth, approximately 11.82 light years away. The system has been discovered to contain a pair of binary brown dwarfs, and has long been a prime candidate in SETI studies.

The constellation was one of twelve created by Petrus Plancius from the observations of Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman and it first appeared on a 35-cm diameter celestial globe published in 1597 (or 1598) in Amsterdam by Plancius with Jodocus Hondius. The first depiction of this constellation in a celestial atlas was in Johann Bayer's Uranometria of 1603. Plancius portrayed the figure as a nude male with arrows in both hands but no bow.

USS Indus (AKN-1) is a United States Navy ship. Indus the Indian It is not known whether he is supposed to be a native of the East Indies, or possibly southern Africa or Madagascar (where the Dutch fleet stayed for several months on their way east) perhaps the figure is symbolic, representing all the indigenous peoples the explorers encountered on their various travels, from South America to the Indies. The constellation’s brightest stars are of third magnitude, but none are named. Comment: For more on the subject, see Asteroids Given Luiseño Names.

Below: "Indus, an Indian holding a spear and arrows, as shown in the Uranographia of Johann Bode."


Religion in Indus Civilization

Idols of numerous goddesses have been found in Harappa, and Mohenjodaron Scholars speculate that these idols are mother Goddess or Prakriti Devi Indians have been worshipping mother of nature since ancient times and are also doing modern times. Mother worship was practiced among ancient inhabitants of all countries from Persia to the Aegean Sea near Greece.

We learn about how people used to worship Matri Devi through a picture of a seal from Harappa. Till now, no place of worship or temple was found in the excavation of Indus Valley.

Hence the only source of the religious life of this civilization is the clay and stone idols and seal as seen here. The seals had their unique place in the of the Sandhav civilization. About 2000 seals have been obtained so far. Of this, around 1200 are received from Mohenjodro alone.


Discover more programmes from A History of the World in 100 Objects about communication

Location: Indus Valley (Pakistan, India)
Culture: Ancient South Asia
Period: About 2550-2000 BC
Material: Stone

This seal was found in the 1870s and led to the discovery of an ancient civilisation in the Indus Valley. It was probably used to close documents and mark packages of goods. This suggests that the Indus civilisation was part of an extensive long-distance trading network. The animal on this seal was originally mistaken for a unicorn but is now thought to be a bull. The seals carry the oldest writing in South Asia. It has yet to be deciphered.

What was the Indus Civilisation?

The earliest civilisation in South Asia developed along the Indus river and India's western coast. The Indus civilisation produced writing, built large cities and controlled food production through a central government. Unlike Egypt and Mesopotamia, the Indus civilisation was not dominated by powerful religious elites. No temples were built and no images of state gods or kings have been found. Deforestation, climate change and a series of invasions all contributed to the Indus civilisation's decline in 1500 BC.


Formation of Religious Practices in the Indus Valley – 5000 B.C.E.

The start of the religious practices was during the 5000 BCE, where people of this valley followed mainly three religions, including Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. With the category of religion, some worshipped a father God .


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Belief in Magical Rituals, Demons, and Life after death

People of this valley started believing in different religions depending upon their beliefs and based on their understanding. With the evolution of religion, people started having faith in numerous mythical aspects like Magical Rituals and Life after death.

They had a few sacred symbols resembling luck like the Swastika and kept belief in life after death. The most famous city – Mohenjo Daro also means ‘Heap of the Dead’ and d.a_r.o ‘ a feast is given to relatives for honoring the dead.’

Besides these, they also had a belief in demons, charms, and amulets. Also, a faith of being guarded by a guarding angel that would go against the evil depiction of a snake or a goat and sometimes disguised with any mythical creature was present in every individual’s mind.


یواس‌اس اینداس (ای‌کی‌ان-۱)

یواس‌اس اینداس (ای‌کی‌ان-۱) (به انگلیسی: USS Indus (AKN-1) ) یک کشتی بود که طول آن ۴۴۱ فوت ۶ اینچ (۱۳۴٫۵۷ متر) بود. این کشتی در سال ۱۹۴۳ ساخته شد.

یواس‌اس اینداس (ای‌کی‌ان-۱)
پیشینه
مالک
نام‌گذاری: هندی (صورت فلکی)
آب‌اندازی: ۴ اکتبر ۱۹۴۳
آغاز کار: ۲۹ اکتبر ۱۹۴۳
به دست آورده شده: ۵ نوامبر ۱۹۴۳
اعزام: ۱۵ فوریه ۱۹۴۴
مشخصات اصلی
وزن: 4,023 tons (light)
درازا: ۴۴۱ فوت ۶ اینچ (۱۳۴٫۵۷ متر)
پهنا: ۵۶ فوت ۱۱ اینچ (۱۷٫۳۵ متر)
آبخور: ۲۸ فوت ۴ اینچ (۸٫۶۴ متر)
سرعت: 11 knots

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