The Morgan Library and Museum invites visitors on an unforgettable journey to one of the most incredible stories ever told, 'Alice in Wonderland'By Lewis Carrol.
The exhibition, 'Alice: 150 Years of Wonderland‘What will be open to the public until October 11, is celebrated due to the 150th anniversary of the publication of Carrol's book. Sample includes an original manuscript of the story, a special loan from the British Library, as well as original correspondence, unique drawings, special editions, old photographs and important objects associated with the story of the tale, some of which had never been exhibited.
«Visitors to the exhibition will find the fascinating and surprising story behind the creation of one of the classics of English literature.«, Explained Peggy fogelman, a worker at the Morgan Library Museum. «We have been looking to host a collection like this for a long time and we are very grateful to the British Library for lending us the original manuscript which is the centerpiece of the exhibition.«Fogelman added.
Lewis Carroll's story was first told during a boat trip an afternoon to Alice Liddell and her two sisters by Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, better known as Lewis Carroll.
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Alice was fascinated by the story, that fantastic world with rabbits in vest playing cards, and asked Carroll for a written copy of that story. Carroll began to write the story, with illustrations made by himself. Finally, the revised and extended history was first published in 1865 as'Alice in Wonderland' and with artwork by John Tenniel.
But nevertheless, Tenniel was not satisfied with his work and the quality of his drawings, so that edition was withdrawn almost immediately. Today, only twenty copies of that edition are thought to have survived. The story was quickly reprinted and the new edition featured some brilliant drawings by Tenniel.
Almost overnight the book became a hit thanks to the combination of text and drawings. Since then 150 years ago, 'Alice in Wonderland' has never gone out of print and has been translated into more than 170 languages.
The exhibition begins with a introduction of the main figures of the book: Lewis Carroll and Alice Liddel. Carroll invented the story in 1856, almost a decade before the book was published. The pseudonym derives from the author's real name, Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, by its Latin form: Charles-Carolus-Carroll; Lutwidge-Ludovicus-Lewis. He had already chosen some pseudonyms when he published a poem in a magazine, from the list of options and his editor chose 'Lewis Carroll', so that was the name he used for the rest of his life, first as a signature for his poetry and later to publish children's books.
In his everyday life he was known as Charles DodgsonAnd that was the name he used when teaching and publishing mathematics at Oxford University, Carroll was also known to be one of the most important amateur photographers of the Victorian era and while he was photographing gardens, it was when he met Alice Liddell , which later inspired his story.
Alice liddel She was the fourth daughter of the ten children that Lorina and Henry Liddell had. When he was four years old he moved with his family to Oxford due to his father's appointment as Dean of "Christ Church College." The Liddell children grew up in the church rectory and had a comfortable but very strict childhood.
The second part focuses on the creative process that led to the creation of the story. Although Carroll first told the story on a boat, it took him two years to finalize the manuscript and yet another year to prepare it for publication. Carroll presented a slim volume, the original manuscript, in 1864.
When Carroll decided to publish the story, he commissioned John Tenniel to illustrate it. Carroll's drawings had a great influence on Tenniel's illustrations and the author and artist collaborated closely on the designs. Carroll was well aware of the relationship between text and image and gave instructions for the exact size of his drawings and the order and place where they should be placed. This careful attention to the design of the book was very important to achieve the great reception it had later on.
Carroll had wanted to publish 'Alice in Wonderland' for Christmas 1864But delays with illustrations caused the date to be delayed by a few months. In May it became known that the book would be ready for summer and Carroll pushed for three copies when it was the anniversary of the boat trip, when he had told the story for the first time. 2,000 copies were printed at Oxford and the first copies were delivered to Macmillan publishers on June 27.
[Tweet "The delay in the #illustrations prevented" Alice in Wonderland "from being published at Christmas 1864 ″]
Illustrations are a fundamental part of the book and Tenniel was able to capture the essence thanks to the observation of the images made by Carroll himself, the third part of the exhibition is dedicated to this aspect. For the first 25 years of publication, the images were in black and white.
In the 1880s, Tenniel and Carroll began work on a shortened version for young children, which included twenty of the drawings in color. Edmund Evans was commissioned to print the color images.
Shortly after the publication of 'Alice in Wonderland' in 1865, Carroll informed Macmillan that I was thinking of a sequel. The fourth part of the exhibition explains how this second part was.
‘Through the looking glass', Which would be six months after Alice woke up from the dream that took her to Wonderland, when she was seventeen and a half years old. The book was published in 1871 again with illustrations by John Tenniel.
The fifth part of the exhibition deals with how Wonderland and its senseless logic continue to be well known today.. What began as an innocent story to pass the time and entertain some girls on a summer afternoon, has ended up being one of the most famous stories in history. After Carroll's death in 1907, the story was reproduced and parodied in different formats and the protagonists of the story have participated in different films and supports.
Here you can read Alice in Wonderland.