Peoria SwStr - History

Peoria SwStr - History


(SwStr: dp. 974; 1. 235'6"; b. 35'; dr. 9'3"; cpl. 137; a. 4 8" D. sb. guns, 2 60 pdr. P. r., 2 24-pdr. D. how., 2 20-pdr. how.)

The first Peoria, a double-ended sidewheel steamer wee built at the New York Navy Yard; launched 29 October 1863;and commissioned 26 December 1866, Comdr. Oscar C. Badger in command.

Assigned to the North Atlantic station, Peoria got underway from New York 6 January 1867 for shakedown along the southeast coast. Returning to Hampton Roads, Va.,12 March, she sailed 14 April for the West Indies. Touehing at the Virgin Islands, Santo Domingo, Haiti, Puerto Rico, and the Leeward Islands, she then turned north to Hampton Roads before dropping anchor at Portsmouth, N.H. 28 July 1867. Peoria decommissioned there 5 September 1867, and was sold 26 August 1868.

Mission & History

When you succeed, we fulfill our mission to be the premier employer of individuals with disabilities.

We will accomplish our mission by providing competitive wages and benefits in a safe, encouraging and respectful environment where our employees can achieve personal success. Our mission is sustained by operating as a self-sufficient, non-profit organization, providing valuable goods and services for customers by utilizing the unique talents of our employees.

Peoria Production Shop was founded in 1941, initially to provide employment for recovering tuberculosis patients. In 1951, the organization was incorporated as a not-for-profit, and we expanded our mission to employ individuals with all types of disabilities.

As our capabilities have grown, our mission has remained the same: to provide training, employment and encouragement that allows individuals with disabilities to achieve financial and social independence.

Our motivation is jobs, not profits, which allows us to be responsive and competitive on many different levels.

Legends of America

Peoria Indian by George Catlin, 1830

The Peoria are an Algonquian people, whose ancestors came from what is now Illinois, Michigan, Missouri, and Ohio.

Their history goes back as far as what was once part of the Cahokia culture of Moundbuilders. The name “Peoria” comes from their name for themselves in the Illinois language, Peewaareewa, meaning “Comes carrying a pack on his back.

The Peoria were one of the many Illinois tribes encountered by the explorers, Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet. Later, French Jesuit missionaries converted tribal members to Roman Catholicism.

By the mid-1700s, they began to migrate into Missouri Territory. In 1818, the Treaty of Edwardsville forced them to cede their lands in Illinois and the Treaty of Lewisville, in 1832, ceded their Missouri lands in exchange for land in Kansas, near the Osage River.

Disease and war drastically reduced the tribe’s numbers, so the members of the Kaskaskia, Peoria, Piankashaw, and Wea tribes formed a confederacy under the Peoria name in 1854. After the Civil War, most of the confederated tribe signed the 1867 Omnibus Treaty, which purchased land from the Quapaw tribe and relocated the majority of the tribe from Kansas to Indian Territory (Oklahoma). The lands of the Confederation members in the Indian Territory were subject to the provisions of the General Allotment Act of 1887. The allotment of all the tribal land was made by 1893, and by 1915, the tribe had no tribal lands or any lands in restricted status.

During the 1950s, the US government pursued a policy of Indian termination to end its special relationship with tribes. It dissolved the Peoria tribal government, which lost federal recognition in 1959. Tribal members objected and began the process to regain federal recognition, which they achieved in 1978

Father Jacques Marquette and the Illini Indians

Today, the federally-recognized tribe is based in Miami, Oklahoma and has more than 2800 tribal members.

Traditionally, the Peoria spoke a dialect of the Miami-Illinois language. The name "Peoria" derives from their autonym or name for themselves in the Illinois language, peewaareewa (modern pronunciation peewaalia). Originally it meant, "Comes carrying a pack on his back." [2] No speakers of the Peoria language survive. [3] Along with the Miami language, a smaller number of the Peoria tribe of Oklahoma once spoke Cahokia, Moingwea, and Tamaroa.

The Peoria Tribe of Oklahoma is headquartered in Miami, Oklahoma, and their tribal jurisdictional area is in Ottawa County. Of the 2,925 enrolled tribal members, only 777 live within the state of Oklahoma. Craig Harper is the tribe's elected Chief, currently serving a four-year term. [1]

The Peoria issue their own tribal vehicle tags and operate their own housing authority. The tribe owns one casino [1] and the Peoria Ridge Golf Course. The estimated annual economic impact of the tribe is $60 million. [1] Tribal businesses, the Peoria Gaming Center, Buffalo Run Casino and Hotel, and Joe's Outback are all located in Miami, Oklahoma. [4]

The Peoria are Algonquian-speaking people, whose ancestors came from what is now Illinois, Michigan, Missouri, and Ohio. [5] Once thought to be descendants of the Cahokia Mississippian culture of Moundbuilders, they are now believed to be related to Algonquian-speaking peoples of the Great Lakes and East Coast. [6] The Peoria were one of the many Illinois tribes encountered by the explorers, Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet. French Jesuit missionaries converted tribal members to Roman Catholicism. [6] Father Jacques Gravier, superior of the Illinois mission, compiled the most extensive dictionary of Kaskaskia Illinois-French terms, nearly 600 pages and 20,000 entries. [7]

The Peoria migrated southwest into Missouri Territory after 1763. [6] In 1818, the Treaty of Edwardsville included the cession of Peoria lands in Illinois to the United States. [8] By the 1832 Treaty of Lewisville, they ceded Missouri lands in exchange for land in Kansas, near the Osage River. [6]

Introduced infectious diseases and intertribal wars drastically reduced the tribe's numbers. In 1849, members of the Kaskaskia, Peoria, Piankeshaw, and Wea tribes formed a confederacy under the Peoria name. The confederation also included the last members and descendants of the Cahokia, Moingwena, Michigamea and Tamaroa tribes, who had become a part of the Peoria many year before, as well as the Pepikokia, who had joined the Wea and Piankashaw in the later part of the 18th Century. [9] In 1851, an Indian agent reported that the Peoria and the Kaskaskia, along with their allies, had intermarried among themselves and among white people to such an extent that they had practically lost their identities. An 1854 treaty recognized this as a factual union and called these groups the Confederated Peoria. The treaty also provided for opening the Peoria-Kaskaskia and the Wea-Piankashaw reserves to settlement by non-Indians. [9]

After the Civil War, most of the confederated tribe signed the 1867 Omnibus Treaty. [5] By this means, the US federally government purchased land from the Quapaw tribe and relocated the majority of the Peoria tribe onto a 72,000 acres (290 km 2 ) reservation in Indian Territory, part of present-day Ottawa County, Oklahoma. [6] [9] [a] Congress enacted a law to unite the Miami tribe of Kansas with the Confederated Peoria. The Peoria and Miami lands were allotted to the enrolled members in 1893. In 1907, any surplus land was turned over to Ottawa County. [9]

Under the Dawes Act and Curtis Act of 1898, the US government attempted to make individual allotments of land to heads of families, to allow separate ownership and cultivation of land, and break up the common landholdings of the tribes. It was part of an effort to have the tribes assimilate to European-American ways. At the same time, they forced tribal governments to dismantle. In 1939, after passage of the Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act, the tribe reorganized and re-established its historical form of council government. [5]

During the 1950s, the US government pursued a policy of Indian termination to end its special relationship with tribes. It dissolved the Peoria tribal government, which lost federal recognition in 1959. Tribal members objected and began the process to regain federal recognition, which they achieved in 1978. [6] The Miami tribe never lost its Federal recognition. [9]

The descendants of the Piankeshaw, Kaskaskia, and Wea, all members of the Illinois Confederacy, are also enrolled in the Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma. [10]

Museums & History

Visit the Peoria Riverfront Museum to explore permanent collections, rotating exhibitions and special programs that connect art and science with history and human achievement. Check out the Dome Planetarium to transport yourself to a far-off galaxy or just see the stars above your head. The giant screen theater houses a 52-by-70-foot screen that can show you the world in a BIG way!

Doug Oberhelman Caterpillar Visitors Center

Learn about Caterpillar&rsquos construction history, from the Panama Canal to the San Francisco cable car system, at the Doug Oberhelman Caterpillar Visitors Center. Eight exhibit galleries, hands-on equipment simulator and over 50 videos and 800 photographs will awaken your curiosity. Climb aboard a motor grader or excavator, design your own CAT machine or hop into a simulation to learn what it feels like to operate heavy machinery. No matter the activity put yourself in the driver&rsquos seat at the Caterpillar Visitors Center.

Wheels O&rsquo Time Museum

Experience the vintage charm of the Peoria Area at Wheels O&rsquo Time Museum. With exhibits including 40 historic cars, the Rock Island Steam locomotive, Caterpillar tractors, antique washing machines, model airplanes and more interactive displays, appreciate the eclectic history of our region.

Peoria Playhouse Children&rsquos Museum

Step into a world of imagination at the Peoria Playhouse Children&rsquos Museum. The Playhouse encourages children to become explorers and creators of the world, promoting play through exhibits and special programming. Hands-on exhibits such as &ldquoFamily Farm&rdquo and &ldquoBy Your River, Gently Flowing, Illinois&rdquo draw on Peoria and Central Illinois, celebrating the past, present and future of our community.

Peoria: History

Topics include Dining Scene, United States: For Foreign Visitors & more!

Native Americans were the first people to inhabit the land that is now Peoria, Illinois. The city derives its name from the Peoria tribe of the Illini Nation, who established their largest town at the modern city bearing its name. The area's rich natural resources supported its early inhabitants well, eventually drawing the attention of French and Canadian fur traders.

The French were the first Europeans to explore Illinois. Marquette and Jolliet passed through, meeting natives, and fostering positive relations for the French Crown. A fur-trading post (fort) was established near the native town at Peoria. A small European settlement at the fort developed, and a church and a wine mill were constructed.

French dominance of the region ended with their defeat at the end of The French and Indian War in 1763. It then became part of the growing British Empire. This political change upset the status-quo of native populations. Without protection from their former allies, the Peoria succumbed to sustained pressure from the Potawatomi, Kickapoo and other native groups. They were eventually forced to seek refuge with other Illini tribes along the Mississippi River and beyond.

The land that would become Illinois legally became part of the United States at the close of the American Revolution. Prior to the War of 1812, British agents incited various native tribes against the new nation. American forces burned the town, removing the Potawatomi, and British-allied French Canadians. The Potawatomi were responsible for the Fort Dearborn Massacre (modern Chicago), and had been supporting the English war effort with warriors.

MADAM MAYOR: Rita Ali Makes History As Peoria's First Female, Black Mayor

For the first time in Peoria's history, a woman and person of color is serving as the city's mayor.

Dr. Rita Ali is the city's 55th mayor. She was sworn into office Tuesday during a special city council meeting.

It was a night of optimism for the city in council chambers, with outgoing and incoming officials alike talking of better days ahead even amid ongoing city challenges. Among them are COVID-19, tightening budget challenges, economic revitalization efforts, and reckoning with racial inequity in a community once labeled the worst in the country for African Americans by an online news outlet.

"I have confidence that we will be united, that we will work as a team, that we will work our relationships to move Peoria forward. I believe that sincerely with all my heart," Ali told the council on Tuesday. "I plan to govern harder than I campaigned, because it's just that important."Ali said she is retiring from her career as vice president of workforce, diversity, and career development at Illinois Central College on June 30 to work as a full-time mayor.

"We know we have a lot of problems to solve, right? But we know these problems are also opportunities," Ali said. "And I know we will turn them into opportunities."

Mayor Ali in the mayor's chair for the first time.

&mdash Tim Shelley (@bounty682) May 5, 2021

Outgoing Mayor Jim Ardis opted not to run for a fifth consecutive term after 22 years around the horseshoe. He said he believes the city is in good hands under Mayor Ali.

"I know that, and everybody knows, that we have a lot of obstacles that we're looking at, as does every other community in the state," Ardis said. "But I am more than confident that Dr. Ali's leadership skills, her knowledge of our community, and her desire to take this city to the next level will be achieved."

Ali said electing her as mayor will begin to break down the status inequalities which serve as the roots of prejudice in this community.

"By putting a woman and a person of color in a leadership role, it begins to break down those perceptions. It begins to tap into those stereotypes. And it begins to actually make people have more comfort and confidence in women and people of color in leadership," she said. "So I do want to raise that status. And I do believe my being in this role helps to do that. So I'm grateful for that."

3rd District Councilmember Tim Riggenbach quipped when addressing Ali, a former at-large councilmember, as "Madam Mayor" for the first time.

"Wow, does that have a nice ring to it," he said.

Newly elected City Clerk Stefanie Tarr, City Treasurer Stephen Morris, Peoria Township Supervisor LaTrina Leary, 1st District Councilmember Denise Jackson, and 4th District Councilmember Andre Allen were also among those sworn in on Tuesday night.

Ali's council vacancy will be replaced by an appointed at-large member in the next 60 days. Ali said the council plans to open it up for applications as with previous vacancies, but she hopes to find someone like-minded to herself to fill the seat, which she won with the most votes by far of any candidate running for the at-large positions in 2019.

Former 4th District Councilman Jim Montelongo lost the race by 43 votes. He has requested a discovery recount, now rescheduled for May 10 after his representatives requested additional paperwork from the Peoria County Election Commission. Montelongo is weighing a challenge to the election's results in court following that recount.

Community support is the greatest funding source for WCBU. Donations from listeners and readers means local news is available to everyone as a public service. Join the village that powers public media with your contribution.

Peoria County Genealogical Society

This list of links is not meant to be everything you ever needed to know. Instead PCGS hopes to give you some ideas of where you might go for help in your research. Our focus is Peoria County.

To recommend a website or online resource to be added to this page please note it on the PCGS Facebook page or email the webmaster at PCGS Webmaster

Disclaimer: In no way do these links or descriptions represent a complete source citation.

Peoria County Clerk: Birth, Death, Marriage, Civil Union Records

Peoria County Supervisor of Assessments Property Info.

Peoria County Genealogy Trails History Group

Illinois Ancestors Presents Peoria County

Alpha Park Library, Bartonville

Lillie M Evans Library District, Princeville

Peoria Heights Library: Heights Herald & Diamond Jubilee Newspapers archives

Fold 3 (even if you don’t have a paid membership, you can access the War of 1812 records as they are finished)

lllinois Digital Newspaper Collections

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)

National Personnel Records Center (military)


Illinois Mennonite Historical and Genealogical Society

Peoria Children of American Revolution CAR

Peoria Daughters of American Revolution DAR


Bureau of Land Management

Illinois County Boundaries 1790-Present

Illinois State Genealogical Society

Dave Rumsey Map Collection

Union Veteran's

American Civil War Research Database (Pay Site)

Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War

Grand Army of the Republic

Illinois Daughters of the American Revolution

Illinois Civil War Medal of Honor Recipients

Ladies of the Grand Army of the Republic

Pennsylvania Volunteers of the Civil War

Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War

Confederate Veteran's

Daughters of Confederate Veterans

Sons of Confederate Veterans

1888 Census of Peoria Township and the City of Peoria was taken between March 1, 1888 and March 20, 1888. The Peoria Township population was 37,472 and the population within the corporate limits of the City of Peoria was 35,452 (Gerald B Franks, census taker, pg 393 of 1888 Peoria Census).

The 1888 Peoria Census was copied in 1984 by PCGS volunteers H. Dorothy Kramer & Arleen Smith. Alice A Brophy digitized the 1888 Peoria Census in 2010.

The button below will take you to the index. The complete 1888 Peoria Census is available on the PCGS member's only Passport, at the Peoria Public Library Local History/Genealogy Holdings, or the PCGS records researcher can provide you that information for a donation. Just click on the Need Research Help green button.

This is an index of household names for the 1888 Peoria Township Census.

To get full census information, become a PCGS member, visit the Peoria Public Library downtown branch, lower level 1, or contact the PCGS researcher.

Members have access to the full 1888 Peoria Township Census on the members only Passport.

Become a member today to get full access to this, and other information!

The 1888 Peoria Township Census index is split up in groups by last name of the household listed in the census:

Peoria Public Schools Adopting LGBTQ+ Inclusive History Curriculum

Peoria Public Schools will be adopting an LGBTQ+ inclusive history curriculum starting with the 2021-2022 school year.

At Monday night’s Board of Education meeting, Hult Center Adolescent Health Coordinator Becca Mathis and Executive Director of Central Illinois Friends Deric Kimler presented an update from the Legacy Committee inresponse to Illinois House Bill 246. The bill, which went into effect in July 2020, mandates LGBTQ+ inclusion in all history curricula in Illinois.

Mathis and Kimler led the committee to implement the new no-cost curriculum that was created by the Legacy Project, a Chicago-based non-profit focused on highlighting LGBTQ+ figures throughout history.

As part of the planning process, numerous local organizations contributed to training sessions for Peoria Public Schools staff to prepare them to navigate diverse discussions and to use proper terminology. Mathis said LGBTQ+ youth across the country are disproportionately affected when it comes to bullying, harassment and suicidal thoughts. But when schools are transformed to be a more welcoming space, those numbers can change.

“Students a part of this particular community experience very significant health disparities,” said Mathis.“The goal of implementing more inclusive curriculum is to make sure that students feel that they are learning in a very safe environment, and that they also feel like they are connected and a part of their schools.”

Kimler emphasized the importance of the curriculum and encouraged the district to take an official stance on being an inclusive system—an action members of the committee considered a top priority.

“Peoria Public Schools is already considered a safe place for a lot of LGBTQ families that is an option outside of Chicago,” said Kimler. “There’s not very many options for LGBTQ families to feel safe outside of Chicago, and we’ve developed a place here in Peoria.”

Superintendent Dr. Sharon Kherat applauded Mathis and Kimler’s work, and underscored the spirit of collaboration in bringing the curriculum to Peoria.

“That’s one of our strengths as a school district,in terms of our collaboration with our entire community,”said Kherat. “It exceeded my expectations.”

The addition of the Legacy curriculum will round out more inclusive course offerings, as the Black History 365 curriculum is set to be fully implemented in Fall 2021 as well.

Referring to a number of historical figures included in the curriculum, Kimler reiterated the good these updates can do for students across the Peoria Public Schools system.

“We’re standing on the shoulders of many, many LGBTQ people in our history that didn’t just pave the way for LGBTQ individuals, but all of us here,” said Kimler.“It’s important to let these children. understand that there are people that are just like them that made a ginormous difference in their lives.”

Also at Monday night’s meeting, the board approved a motion to hold a modified calendar pilot at Harrison Community Learning Center for the 2021-2022 school year. Board member Lynne Costic is a proponent of the pilot and commended Harrison principal Fabian Daniels for her willingness to participate.

“I’m very happy that at least one school did decide that they wanted to give it a try because that’s the only way that we’re going to find out whether it works or not,”said Costic. “Kudos to Fabian and her staff for (being) willing to step out of the comfort zone and take apart in a pilot program.”

Community support is the greatest funding source for WCBU. Donations from listeners and readers means local news is available to everyone as a public service. Join the village that powers public media with your contribution.